Sunday, January 3, 2016
Education, like almost every other area of our society has evolved by leaps and bounds in recent years. Traditional teaching techniques, mainly based on the figure of the teacher explaining and students taking notes can still be useful in some cases; however, education today revolves more around to encourage students to arouse their curiosity and willingness to learn.
Following this trend have emerged, therefore, new teaching techniques. Many of these teaching techniques are not new. However, the use of new technologies at our disposal today can give a new approach to extending our classrooms.
1.Flipped Classroom (flipped classroom): This technique basically involves teaching students to study and prepare the lesson before class. Thus, the class in question becomes much more dynamic and an environment in which further study on the subject. Students come home with similar basics, so that the class can be devoted to solve doubts and go beyond the issues for which students feel more curious.
The concept of "flipped classroom" combines well with Goconqr tools. With Goconqr it easy to share resources with a group, in this case the class, allowing students to study these resources from home and prepare for the next class.
2.Design Thinking (case method): This technique is based on using real cases and resolve them in a group through analysis, brainstorming, innovation and creative ideas. Although the "design thinking" is a structured method in practice is quite messy as real problems for which in most cases there is insufficient information and may even be that the conclusion is that there is no solution treated possible.
However, the case method prepares students for the real world and arouses your curiosity, analytical skills and creativity. This technique is often used in popular MBA or Masters to analyze real cases experienced by companies in the past.
3.Self-learning: Curiosity is the main driver of learning. As a basic principle of learning, it makes little sense to force students to memorize a text to forget it two days after the test. The key is to let students focus on the area that interests them to actively explore and learn about it.
A perfect example of teaching techniques based on self-learning is related by Sonata Metra at the conference TED (Spanish subtitles). In a series of experiments in New Delhi, South Africa and Italy, the researcher Sonata Metra education provided children self-supervised access to the web. The results obtained could revolutionize how we think about teaching. The children, who until then did not even know what the Internet was, were able to self-training in multiple subjects with unexpected ease.
A closer way to explore self-learning technique may be making use of Mind Mapping. With them, the teacher can start a thinking process by typing a word in the central node of a map or propose a theme and letting students develop their own ideas from it. For example, if the theme is the human body, some can create mind maps on systems and devices, others on bones and other diseases that affect the human body. Later the students would be evaluated according to the mental maps that have been created and could work together to improve them.
4. Games: Learning through the use of games is a method that has already been explored by some teachers, especially in primary and preschool education. By using games, the student learns virtually no notice. Therefore, learning to play is a learning technique that can be very effective at any age, but also helpful to keep the student motivated.
The teacher should design projects that are appropriate for their students, considering their age and knowledge, while making them attractive enough to provide extra motivation. One idea might be to encourage students to create tests with questions about a certain topic and encourage them to challenge their peers to do them to see who gets a higher score. In this way, students will enjoy the competition with their peers to achieve the highest score.
5. Social Media: A variant of the previous point are teaching techniques based on social networks. In this way, the students, who today spend the day on social networks, have an extra motivation to learn. The ways you can take this method of learning are varied, as there are hundreds of social networks and possibilities. A good example is the initiative taken by the Brazilian Academy of languages "Red Balloon", who encouraged his students to review the tweets of their favorite artists and to correct grammatical errors they committed these to enhance their learning of English.
6. Technical Exegetical or Commented Reading: Based on the reading of texts related to the subject or author treated. This technique aims that students grasp and understand what the author wants to communicate and seek the implicit meaning in the text and their circumstances. Each student can be based on the theme that interests you to inquire about it. Again, new technologies give us a great advantage in using this technique, since they allow us access to unlimited information.
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